Mumbai is one of the most populated cities in the world. In an indication of the very poor health of the city’s air, Mumbai has been declared by the World Health Organisation (WHO) as the fifth most polluted mega city in the world in terms of PM 10 (coarse pollution particles) levels. The city is 39 on the list of most polluted in terms of PM 2.5 (Fine Particles) among 122 Indian cities monitored by the WHO. Here Particulate matter (PM) is a term used to describe the mixture of solid particles and liquid droplets in the air. It can be either human-made or naturally occurring. Some examples include dust, ash and sea-spray.
Pollution is not good for the nature but it is also not at all good for the human being. Based on the standards of the WHO, no one is allowed to stay in the city like Mumbai because the pollution here is on an extreme level.
Small particles (like PM2.5) pose the greatest problems because they can get deep into your lungs and some may even get into your bloodstream. These fine particles can create significant health problems like irritation, coughing or difficulty in breathing, decreased lung function, asthma, irregular heartbeats, heart attacks and also a cancer.
We all know lot many things about the pollution. We all are aware of the effects of the pollution but our behaviour is set in such a way that we know to ignore such things. But now we have crossed the threshold limit. It’s time to open our eyes and give our small part in helping the nature and of course ourselves too.
To do so,
We can try using public transport for commuting rather than cars which pollute the air most.
We can switch off the fans and lights if not needed because large amount of fossil fuels are burnt to produce electricity.
Try to re-use the items which are of no use.
Keep the city clean and help government in ‘Swachchha Bharat Abhiyaan’.
Also whenever you come to know about any companies throwing out chemicals which pollute the air without recycling it, please contact the concerned officer and stop them doing it.
There are lot many other ways too to reduce the air pollution. If we try to do at least 50% of this successfully then we would be able to make our nature beautiful as well as we would be able to live the healthier life.